Ahmed Raza Chuhdary CEO, Thear | Member, Welson Group 12 February 2023, 11:17 PM
Who lost the 1965 Indo-Pak war?
The 1965 war between India and Pakistan was an unprecedented event in the history of South Asia and its consequences continue to be felt even today. The war began on August 5th, 1965 and lasted till September 23rd, 1965. The war was fought by both countries over the disputed territory of Kashmir. In the end, both nations declared a ceasefire and returned to their pre-war borders. The question of who lost the 1965 war has been a subject of debate for decades, with both sides claiming victory.
The background of the 1965 war between India and Pakistan is rooted in the Partition of India in 1947. At the time of partition, the Princely State of Kashmir was ruled by a Hindu Maharaja, Hari Singh. Kashmir had a Muslim-majority population and Pakistan wanted to annex it, while India wanted to maintain its secular character. In October 1947, Pakistan attempted to annex Kashmir by force, leading to an armed conflict between the two nations. India was able to repel the Pakistani forces and the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession, making Kashmir part of India. However, the conflict did not end there and the two countries continued to dispute the ownership of Kashmir.
Causes of the War
The main cause of the 1965 war was the dispute over Kashmir. Both countries had been in a state of strained relations since 1947, with the issue of Kashmir being a major source of tension. In addition, Pakistan had been receiving military and economic aid from the United States and was in a much better economic and military position than India. This led to a feeling of insecurity on the part of India. In May 1965, Pakistan launched a series of attacks in Kashmir, leading to the outbreak of war.
Course of the War
The war began on August 5th, 1965, with Pakistan launching a series of attacks in Kashmir. India responded by launching a counter-attack and by the end of August, Indian forces had gained the upper hand. The war then shifted to the air, with both sides engaging in a series of air battles. The war was fought mainly in the Rann of Kutch region, Lahore and Sialkot in Pakistan, and around the border regions of Kashmir. The war lasted until September 23rd, 1965, when both sides declared a ceasefire and returned to their pre-war borders.
Consequences of the War
The consequences of the 1965 war were far-reaching. India and Pakistan both suffered heavy losses in terms of human life and economic resources. The war also led to the further entrenchment of the Kashmir dispute, with both sides refusing to back down. In addition, the war led to a massive influx of refugees into India, leading to a humanitarian crisis. Finally, the war intensified the rivalry between India and Pakistan and increased tensions between the two countries.
Who Lost the War?
The question of who lost the 1965 war has been a subject of debate for decades, with both sides claiming victory. India claims that it was victorious, as it was able to repel the Pakistani offensive and maintain its control over Kashmir. On the other hand, Pakistan claims that it was successful in achieving its strategic objectives, as it was able to draw international attention to the Kashmir issue. Ultimately, it is difficult to say who lost the war, as both sides claimed victory.
The Legacy of the War
The legacy of the 1965 war is still felt today. The war intensified the rivalry between India and Pakistan and led to the further entrenchment of the Kashmir dispute. In addition, the war led to a massive increase in military spending and the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region. The war also led to a humanitarian crisis, as millions of people were displaced as a result of the conflict.
The 1965 war between India and Pakistan was a major event in the history of South Asia. The war was fought over the disputed territory of Kashmir and both sides declared victory. The consequences of the war were far-reaching, leading to increased tensions between the two countries and the further entrenchment of the Kashmir dispute. The legacy of the war still lingers today and its consequences continue to be felt.